Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples

Daubert (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples)

The Daubert standard was established to guide trial judges in assessing expert testimonies based on scientific evidence. Young and Goodman-Delahunty (2021) explain that the standards require forensic psychologists to use assessment tools with an identifiable error rate, have maintenance standards, be supported by testable theory, and their use must have undergone peer review. In this case, the Symptom Assessment 45 (SA-45) tool used in the assessment has a high accuracy rate and is acceptable among the scientific community. Iwakabe et al. (2022) argue that the technique utilized in SA-45 during mental health assessment is justified to be effective (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).

 Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples
Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples

Besides, the Inventory of Offender Risk, Needs, and Strengths (IORNS) has also been proven to be an effective and reliable tool for mental health assessment. Heilbrun et al. (2022) explain that the tool consists of 130 items, which increases its reliability and acceptability among the scientific community. Lastly, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is a standardized assessment method with validity scores of between 0.34-0.92 and reliability scores of between 0.16 and 0.93. Ingram et al. (2020) illustrate that the tool is widely used and accepted among the scientific community, and it has undergone extensive peer review to determine its validity and reliability (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).

Interview Information

The interview results indicate that Mr B has normal mood limits with no suicidal thoughts. The patient’s cognitive functioning is also within normal limits, with no psychotic symptoms. Additionally, the offender does not like social interaction and focuses much on personal goals like pursuing studies. Also, Mr B is remorseful and feels responsible for past criminal offenses. Hechler et al. (2022) assert that being remorseful indicates the prisoners’ recognition of the committed crime and willingness to reconcile their differences with the victims (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).

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These pieces of information are necessary to assess the offender’s reoffending risk. Mr B’s assessment indicates positive progress into a more responsible individual with a reduced risk of recidivism. As a result, the offender should be provided with adequate resources to aid complete change and achieve positive results from the skills learned during incarceration (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).

Collateral Information

Mr B has a history of offending and was previously convicted of family violence and assault. The convict also sold drugs and substances during college to sustain his relationship with his girlfriend, Jamie. The collateral information indicates that Mr B’s engagement in criminal activities like drugs was focused on meeting basic needs. This shows that the convict has a higher potential of reforming into a better person if granted parole. The previous convictions related to family violence also show that Mr. B has challenges sustaining social interactions and is less likely to achieve positive treatment results due to his aggressive nature (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).


Mr B should be granted visitation from his child and ex-girlfriend to enhance his desire and effort to reform. O’Brien and Grosso (2020) observe that convicts are likely to reform quickly if given substantial justification for the importance of improving. Also, the offender’s criminal risk has reduced significantly based on his pursuit of education and tangible skills that could guarantee positive future economic development. As a result, the parole board should give him the benefit of the doubt and observe his progress throughout the parole duration (Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).

Ethical Guidelines

The recommendations align with Bring Change to Mind, a non-profit organization emphasizing the need to reduce suffering among people affected by mental illness (Bring Change to Mind, 2022). The organization is committed to creating development opportunities for mentally ill people. In this case, granting Mr B’s release through parole will increase his chances of contributing positively to community development. It will also enhance his response to mental health treatment by reducing the unpleasant experiences associated with incarceration centers. Granting Mr B his child’s and ex-wife’s visitation can also reduce mental suffering related to his engagement in limited social interactions(Offender Risk Assessment-Nursing Paper Examples).  

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Bring Change to Mind (2022). About BC2M. Hechler, S., Wenzel, M., Woodyatt, L., & de Vel-Palumbo, M. (2022). What does being hard on yourself communicate to others? The role of symbolic implications of self-punishment in attributions of remorse. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 101, 104305.

Heilbrun, K., DeMatteo, D., Schiedel, R., Pietruszka, V., Fairfax‐Columbo, J., & Arnold, S. (2022). Factors predicting desistance from criminal behavior and aggression in adult offenders: A critical review. Facilitating Desistance from Aggression and Crime: Theory, Research, and Strength‐Based Practice, 294-313.

Ingram, P. B., Golden, B. L., & Armistead-Jehle, P. J. (2020). Evaluating the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) over-reporting scales in a military neuropsychology clinic. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 42(3), 263-273.

Iwakabe, S., Edlin, J., Fosha, D., Thoma, N. C., Gretton, H., Joseph, A. J., & Nakamura, K. (2022). The long-term outcome of accelerated experiential dynamic psychotherapy: 6-and 12-month follow-up results. Psychotherapy.

O’Brien, B., & Grosso, C. M. (2020). Criminal trials and reforms intended to reduce the impact of race: A review. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 16, 117-130.

Young, G., & Goodman-Delahunty, J. (2021). Revisiting Daubert: judicial gatekeeping and expert ethics in court. Psychological injury and law, 14, 304-315.  

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