Nursing Theories and Models: Open Access Articles

Nursing theories and models provide a framework for understanding and improving patient care. They help nurses identify patients’ needs and develop appropriate interventions. As the nursing field continues to evolve, nurses need to stay current with the latest theories and models. This article will give an overview of some of the most important nursing theories, models, and places to find open-access articles on these topics.

What are nursing theories and models?

Nursing theories and models provide a conceptual basis for nursing practice. They help nurses understand the relationships between different aspects of patient care, such as the patient’s physical, psychological, and social needs, and the interventions that can be used to meet those needs. Nursing theories and models can also be used to guide research and education in nursing.

Importance of staying current with nursing theories and models

Staying current with nursing theories and models is important for several reasons. First, it helps nurses provide their patients with the best possible care. By understanding the basic ideas behind nursing, nurses can come up with better ways to help their patients and get better results. The development of nursing theories and models is important for professional development. Nurses who stay up-to-date with the latest research and trends in nursing are more likely to advance in their careers and take on leadership roles in their organizations.

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Benefits of open access articles on nursing theories and models

Open-access articles provide several benefits for nursing professionals. First, anyone with an internet connection can get them for free, so nurses all over the world can use them. Second, open access articles are often peer-reviewed, which means that experts in the field have looked at them and decided that they are likely to be of high quality. Finally, open access articles allow each other to share their research and experiences with the nursing community.

Where to find open access articles on nursing theories and models

Several resources are available for finding open-access articles on nursing theories and models. PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Directory of Open Access Journals are some of the most used. These databases allow nurses to search for articles based on keywords, authors, and other criteria. Many nursing organizations, such as the American Nurses Association and the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, also offer open access to articles on nursing theories and models through their websites.

The National Institute of Nursing Research website is another good place to look for free articles about nursing theories and models. It focuses on advancing nursing science through research, and its website has a lot of information on the latest nursing theories and models.

Overview of nursing theories and models

Now, let’s look at some of the most important nursing theories and models.

Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory

Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory emphasizes the importance of the patient’s environment in promoting healing and well-being. Nightingale thought that a clean, well-ventilated place was important for keeping people healthy and helping them get better.

Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory

Hildegard Peplau’s “Interpersonal Relations Theory” talks about how important the relationship between a nurse and a patient is for healing. Peplau believed that the nurse should be a partner and advocate for the patient, working with them to identify their needs and develop a plan of care.

Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory

Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory says that taking care of a patient’s basic needs is important for their health and happiness. Henderson thought that it was the nurse’s job to help the patient meet his or her physical, mental, or social needs.

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Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Theory

The Self-Care Theory by Dorothea Orem puts the focus on the patient’s ability to take care of themselves, with the nurse offering support and guidance as needed. Orem believed patients should be empowered to take an active role in their care.

Betty Neuman’s Systems Model

Betty Neuman’s Systems Model emphasizes the interconnectedness of the patient and their environment. Neuman thought that the nurse’s job was to look at all aspects of the patient’s environment and make changes to improve health and well-being.

Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory

The Transcultural Nursing Theory by Madeleine Leininger stresses how important it is to understand the patient’s cultural background in order to give good care. She believes that nurses should know about different cultures and be able to care for patients in a way that respects their beliefs and practices. d practices.

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

In her book “Theory of Human Caring,” Jean Watson stresses how important the nurse’s presence and care are for healing. Watson thought that caring was the most important part of nursing and that it should be at the center of all nursing actions.

Patricia Benner’s Novice to Expert Theory

The “novice to expert” theory by Patricia Benner shows how important experience is to becoming a good nurse. Benner believed that nurses develop their skills and knowledge over time through experiential learning.


In conclusion, open access articles are a great way for nursing professionals to keep up with the latest theories and models in nursing. By understanding the basic ideas behind nursing, nurses can take better care of their patients and move up in their careers. Resources like PubMed, Google Scholar, and the National Institute of Nursing Research, which are mentioned in this article, have a lot of information about nursing theories and models.

Video Guide


  1. What is the difference between open access articles and subscription-based articles?
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You can read open-access articles online for free without having to sign up for a service or pay a fee.

-based articles require a fee or subscription to access.

  1. How can I tell if an article is peer-reviewed?

Before publication, experts in a field review peer-reviewed articles. Look for language in the article or on the website of the journal that says it has been peer-reviewed.

  1. Are open-access articles as reliable as subscription-based articles?

Open-access articles can be just as reliable as subscription-based articles, but it’s important to evaluate the quality of the source and the methods used in the research.

  1. Can I use open access articles in my research or publications?

Yes, you can use open access articles in research and publications, but cite the source and follow any licensing requirements properly.

  1. Are there any disadvantages to using open access articles?

One potential disadvantage of using open access articles is that there may be a higher risk of bias or incomplete information, so it’s important to evaluate the quality of the source carefully.

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