Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Reflect on this natural disaster by answering the following questions:
- Propose one example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by previous students.
- Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose that phase.
- What people or agencies would you work with in facilitating the proposed interventions and why?
Emergency Preparedness And Disaster Management 2-Solution
Nursing Interventions for Natural Disasters
Nursing interventions include actions or initiatives nurses undertake to help patients achieve their healthcare objectives. Critical thinking and experience are imperative for nurses to develop informed interventions that are most appropriate for patients and others in need of nursing services. The Catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010 affected more than three million people, and about 220,000 people died. Most were injured, requiring medical assistance, with nurses at the forefront. Based on this incidence, all levels of nursing intervention, including primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention, were used during and after the disaster (Blutcher et al., 2018). Primary prevention involves developing strategies to reduce the damage from the earthquake. At this level, nurses can activate disaster plans in their hospitals to provide emergency treatment for the injured to reduce the death resulting from the disaster. Secondary prevention entails initiatives to detect a condition before it occurs and intervene earlier. Nurses can be involved in emergency response activities like searching and rescuing, response to mass-casualty, controlling possible diseases, and responding to hazardous materials. Tertiary prevention involves managing an already established condition in an individual to prevent further complications. Nursing interventions at this level can include reducing injury severity and vulnerability to minimize the risk of additional complications or disability.(Nursing-Interventions for Natural-Disasters Essay Example)
Phase of the Disaster that the Proposed Interventions Fall
The proposed interventions are under the response phase of the disaster. This phase entails activities to respond by providing services, equipment, and personnel to manage the disaster and help those affected, possibly reducing the impacts of the disaster (Neal, 2017). Communities and individuals begin to take action to help the affected individual through interventions like emergency response, search and rescue, injury treatment, and efforts to reduce the effects of hazardous materials. Nurses are involved mostly in this phase to help those injured and who need medical help. They help rescue people from immediate danger and stabilize their physical and emotional wellbeing.(Nursing-Interventions for Natural-Disasters Essay Example)
Agencies that will help facilitate the Proposed Interventions
Nurses can work with the American Red Cross, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the Swedish International Development Corporation Agency (SIDA) to respond to the disaster (Coppola, 2016). These agencies work to minimize the impact of natural disasters internationally. Therefore, they can appropriately assist nurses in developing and implementing interventions to help the affected individuals in Haiti.(Nursing-Interventions for Natural-Disasters Essay Example)
Blutcher, H. K., Bulecheck, G. M., Doctterman, J. M. M., & Wagner, G. M. (2018). Nursing interventions classifications (NIC)-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Coppola, D. P. (2016). Introduction to international disaster management. Elsevier.
Neal, D. M. (2017). Reconsidering the phases of disasters, International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disaster 15(2), 239-264