Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation – Review the steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and reflect on the scenario presented…

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Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

Paper details

Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation.

Assume you are a nurse manager on a unit where a new nursing documentation system is to be implemented. You want to ensure that the system will be usable and acceptable for the nurses impacted. You realize a nurse leader must be on the implementation team.

To Prepare:

  • Review the steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and reflect on the scenario presented.
  • Consider the benefits and challenges associated with involving a nurse leader on an implementation team for health information technology.

The Assignment: (2-3 pages)

In preparation of filling this role, develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the SDLC stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:

  • Planning and requirements definition
  • Analysis
  • Design of the new system
  • Implementation
  • Post-implementation support

NURS_5051_Module05_Week10_Assignment_Rubric

  • Grid View
  • List View

Excellent Good Fair Poor Develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:·   Planning and requirements definition·   Analysis·   Design of the new system·   Implementation·   Post-implementation support

77 (77%) – 85 (85%)

An accurate and fully developed role description is provided for the Assignment and fully supports the guidance of a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. The responses accurately and thoroughly define in detail a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. The responses accurately and thoroughly explain in detail the impacts of a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. Includes: 3 or more peer-reviewed sources and 2 or more course resources.

68 (68%) – 76 (76%)

A role description is provided for the Assignment and supports the guidance of a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. The responses define a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. The responses explain the impact of the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. Includes: 2 peer-reviewed sources and 2 course resources.

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60 (60%) – 67 (67%)

A vague or inaccurate role description is provided for the Assignment and vaguely or inaccurately provides guidance to a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC. The responses defining the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague or inaccurate. The responses explaining the impact of the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague or inaccurate. Includes: 1 peer-reviewed source and 1 course resource.

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0 (0%) – 59 (59%)

A vague and inaccurate role description is provided for the Assignment which does not provide guidance to a graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC, or are missing. The responses defining the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague and inaccurate, or are missing. The responses explaining the impact of the graduate-level nurse’s participation in the steps of the SDLC are vague and inaccurate, or are missing. Includes: 1 or fewer resources.

Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Contains many (? 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.

Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Uses correct APA format with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Contains many (? 5) APA format errors.

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Total Points: 100

(Solution available on request)

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The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation
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The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

Nursing roles have evolved drastically owing to the development of modern healthcare systems. Also, advanced research, education, and technology have improved care quality and patient satisfaction. Ideally, current healthcare systems require nurses to strengthen Health Information Technology (HIT) skills and technical knowledge to venture into diverse nursing specialties like informatics. Therefore, nurses should be included in developing and adopting new technology as current nursing practice calls for using technology to improve care quality. The System Development Lifecycle (SDL) is crucial in implementing HIT. It offers comprehensive step-to-step processes and frameworks necessary to adopt new technologies, such as documentation systems in the healthcare system (Mohan, 2022). This paper will discuss the roles of nurse informaticists in implementing a new HIT using the SDL approach to achieve the project’s goals.

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Planning and Requirements Definition

The first SDL implementation step will be planning and requirements definition. This stage will define the project’s scope and problems while suggesting potential implementation strategies. Feasibility tests can establish the validity of potential solutions, set measurable outcomes, plan project schedules, and acquire the necessary resources to complete the project. At this stage, the nurse will collaborate with interdisciplinary teams to develop the deliverables of the project. Through critical knowledge acquired during clinical practice, the nurses will collaborate with the team to set the project’s goals, implementation strategies, and expected measurable outcomes.

Analysis

The second step focuses on the practical application of the HIT. This step aids in determining the root cause of a problem, thus creating a need for change. Identifying a problem allows the team members to suggest and submit potential solutions for analysis to determine the best one to address the needs and meet the project’s goals. Thus, system analysis will help identify the facility’s needs and solutions and define an appropriate timeline to meet the requirements.

In this case, the nurse can conduct a functional assessment and finalize the healthcare facility’s need for the new HIT system. For instance, the nurse may identify the need to use the HIT system to protect patients’ information through safe data documentation systems or to promote ease of access and sharing of patient healthcare information (Strudwick et al., 2019). The nurse can review the project to ensure it aligns with organizational goals and policies and the scope of their practice. The information obtained is crucial for the implementation team to make improvements or alterations before commencing the design and development phases.

Design of the New System

The design phase focuses on suitable specifications, features, and operations to meet the requirements of the proposed HIT system. The stage will help the team identify and define the system’s structures while creating the necessary infrastructure to implement the project (Mohan, 2022). The end users use this stage to identify and discuss the needs for applications such as networking and the ability to complete and accomplish desired goals. In this case, the nurse has a role in reinforcing the primary purpose of the proposed HIT system, which is to achieve organizational goals such as improving quality, affordable care, efficient service delivery, and patient satisfaction. The nurse may call for the customization of the system to integrate all healthcare services in the facility.

Implementation

This stage entails system integration, testing, and installation and use of the newly developed HIT system. Integration and testing will allow the team members to conduct quality control. The team will test the components against the anticipated outcomes and assess whether the healthcare facility can adopt the system. Thus, the team can update their execution and plan to improve to achieve desired outcomes. Subsequently, the new HIT system is put into production and evaluating its performance. The nurse will implement the system to complete their tasks, assess its performance, and provide feedback on the system’s work. The nurse will also train other healthcare professionals to use the system. Through evaluation, the nurse can collaborate with the implementation team to redesign the system to achieve success.

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Post-Implementation

The System Development Lifecycle (SDL) does not end when the new HIT system has been implemented. Therefore, the implementation team should maintain the new system and prepare to handle issues the end users report concerning the system. For instance, the team is responsible handling errors that occur and affect the system. The team also offers updates and adjustments to the system to ensure that it matches the users’ needs. The nurse collaborates with the implementation team to conduct evaluations to improve the new system. Evaluations can be performed through usability tests to assess the number of health professionals who can use the system to complete their tasks or determine technology acceptance (Ehrler et al., 2019). As a result, they will use obtained results to customize the system based on the use and feedback provided by the users. The nurse will also collaborate with the implementation team to conduct evaluations to improve the new system. The nurse must offer continued staff training to ensure they understand the new HIT system, sustain compliance, and follow recommended guidelines concerning the systems to improve care quality.

Benefits and Challenges of Involving Nurses

Nurses’ involvement in the project will be beneficial since they know the problems that should be addressed in daily health practice and the expected outcomes. In this case, nurses offer vital insights towards developing appropriate HIT systems to address healthcare professionals’ problems. Nurses also ensure that suitable strategies are designed, preventing errors and delays from indecisiveness and disagreements about the kind of HIT system to be developed and adopted. However, involving nurses may be challenging as it may cause disagreements and delays when the nurses have a conflict of interest during its implementation. For instance, nurses may create goals for personal gratification instead of the employees’ general welfare.

Conclusion

Advanced research, education, and technology have improved care quality and patient satisfaction. Current healthcare systems require nurses to strengthen Health Information Technology (HIT) skills and technical knowledge to join diverse nursing specialties like informatics. Therefore, nurses should be part of the implementation team that drives the adoption of new HIT systems, such as documentation systems. Nurses play instrumental roles in the System Development Lifecycle (SDL) that offers planning, analysis, designing, implementation, and post-implementation phases towards adopting the HIT systems. They collaborate with relevant stakeholders such as IT specialists, software developers, and health analytics to adopt new HIT to improve the quality of care and patient safety.

References

Ehrler, F., Lovis, C., & Blondon, K. (2019). A mobile phone app for bedside nursing care: Design and development using an adapted software development life cycle model. JMIR mHealth and uHealth7(4), e12551. https://doi.org/10.2196/12551

Mohan, V. (2022). System development life cycle. Clinical Informatics Study Guide, 177-183. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-93765-2_12

Strudwick, G., Booth, R. G., Bjarnadottir, R. I., Rossetti, S. (., Friesen, M., Sequeira, L., Munnery, M., & Srivastava, R. (2019). The role of nurse managers in the adoption of health information technology. JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration49(11), 549-555. https://doi.org/10.1097/nna.0000000000000810

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