The Inclusion of Nurses in the Systems Development Life Cycle – Nursing Paper Example

The Inclusion of Nurses in the Systems Development Life Cycle: In this Discussion, you will consider the role you might play in systems development and the ramifications of not being an active participant in systems development…(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

Discussion: Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle

Paper details

The Inclusion of Nurses in the Systems Development Life Cycle

In the media introduction to this module, it was suggested that you as a nurse have an important role in the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC). With a focus on patient care and outcomes, nurses may not always see themselves as contributors to the development of new systems. However, as you may have observed in your own experience, exclusion of nurse contributions when implementing systems can have dire consequences.

In this Discussion, you will consider the role you might play in systems development and the ramifications of not being an active participant in systems development.

To Prepare:

  • Review the steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) as presented in the Resources.
  • Reflect on your own healthcare organization and consider any steps your healthcare organization goes through when purchasing and implementing a new health information technology system.(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)
  • Consider what a nurse might contribute to decisions made at each stage of the SDLC when planning for new health information technology.

INSTRUCTIONS:

Post a description of what you believe to be the consequences of a healthcare organization not involving nurses in each stage of the SDLC when purchasing and implementing a new health information technology system. Provide specific examples of potential issues at each stage of the SDLC and explain how the inclusion of nurses may help address these issues. (Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

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Then, explain whether you had any input in the selection and planning of new health information technology systems in your nursing practice or healthcare organization and explain potential impacts of being included or not in the decision-making process. Be specific and provide examples.(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

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Solution

The Inclusion of Nurses in the Systems Development Life Cycle

System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a standard project management framework useful in information infrastructure systems and application projects development. The methodology follows a multi-step iterative process that transforms ideas into practical and useful systems. (Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

SDLC classifies and prioritizes tasks, has defined results and process reviews, and ensures project management processes are consistent for all projects (Curry, McGregor, & Tracy, 2007). With its proven effectiveness, SDLC allows for stakeholder involvement, which ensures solutions are sustainable, effective, and of high quality.(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) commences in the planning stage, where the scope of the problem is defined, and solutions are determined. With nurses at the frontline of care delivery, they understand better the needs and gaps that have to be addressed by any system and have a better understanding of the effectiveness of suggested solutions (Von Dincklage et al., 2018).

The second phase is system analysis and requirements, which necessitates the analysis of the needs of end-users (nurses). In this stage, the input of nurses is paramount as it will ensure the new system performs the role of improving the nurse’s efficiency and productivity.(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

The system design and development phases detail the specifications, development, and production. In these phases, nurses could play an essential role in ensuring the functional requirements identified previously and accurately transitioned to system requirements. The integration and testing phase will require the input of nurses (end users) who will ascertain that the system meets the initial goals and aims of the system. (Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

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In this stage, the nurses’ input is critical as the system is piloted, and its performance assessed in line with the needs of patients and usability by nurses (Kim et al., 2019). Finally, engaging nurses in every step of implementation reduces resistance and facilitates a better assessment of the impact of the system. Moreover, the nurses’ input is also fundamental in operation and maintenance as it helps identify areas for improvement, thereby continually monitoring and improving the system.(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

I have had the opportunity of being engaged in the initial planning stages of system development and the identification of a clinical information system design. Even though I was not engaged in other SDLC phases, I found it easier to learn, integrate, and adopt the system. (Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

For instance, in the system, a nurse suggested the addition of a text communication platform, which helped improve clinical decision making. Hence, the engagement of nurses in the process ensures the system is designed to suit the needs of its users (clinicians) and also works to improve efficiency and nurse performance.(Inclusion of nurses in systems development life cycle)

References

  • Curry, J. M., McGregor, C., & Tracy, S. (2007). A Systems Development Life Cycle approach to patient journey modeling projects. Studies in health technology and informatics, 129(Pt 2), 905–909.
  • Kim, J., Macieira, T. G., Meyer, S. L., Ansell, M., Bjarnadottir, R. I., Smith, M. B., … & Keenan, G. M. (2019). Towards implementing SNOMED CT in nursing practice: A scoping review. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 104035.
  • Von Dincklage, F., Suchodolski, K., Lichtner, G., Friesdorf, W., Podtschaske, B., & Ragaller, M. (2018). Functional requirements of critical care information systems (CCIS) from the users’ perspective. International journal of medical informatics, 120, 8–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2018.09.018
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