Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample

Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample

Quantitative Method

“Effect of Meaningful Recognition on Critical Care Nurses’ Compassion Fatigue”

Protection of Human Rights

The study does not disclose how it ensured the protection of human rights or addressed the principles of research involving human beings like beneficence, consent, non-maleficence, autonomy, and justice. The researchers have not described the procedures, steps, or interventions adopted to promote the protection of human rights during the research process. However, the study mentions that they encouraged nurses working in the selected hospitals to participate in the study. A site coordinator was selected to work closely with the investigators during data collection and act as the contact point for the participants. (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

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Research Design

The research design selected for this study is the quasi-experimental design that primarily aims to establish cause-effect relationships. The researchers did not try to manipulate the independent variable (meaningful recognition) to assess its effects on the dependent variable. They did not assign the groups randomly but conveniently used the pre-existing ones. They selected a control group and exposed it to the treatment variable to compare the outcomes to the group not exposed to the treatment variable. The quasi-experimental research design is vital in comparing and understanding the variations between two groups, a control group and the one not exposed to the treatment variable. It effectively and fundamentally analyzes similarities and differences between two groups, making it suitable for this study.(Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

Population and Sample

The population studied is caregivers working in high-pressure environments, for instance, critical care nurses. These caregivers are exposed to stressors that contribute to compassion fatigue and burnout. A sample of 726 nurses from the intensive care unit in the 14 hospitals that have adopted a meaningful recognition program and 410 nurses from the ten hospitals without it participated in this research. The sample is big enough to promote reliability and generalizability. (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

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Data Collection, Measurement, and Quality

Data gathering involved a multisite hospital survey of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses that the researchers used to evaluate meaningful recognition’s influence on nurses’ compassion fatigue and satisfaction. Among the 24 participating hospitals, 14 had an already established meaningful recognition program, and the other ten had not. They collected data using a three-part survey that included demographic questions, the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) measure, version 5, and single-item predictive questions. They adopted the ProQol instrument to examine weariness and a 5-point Likert agreement scale to ask single-item questions. The SPSS software version 23 helped evaluate the replies, and t-tests aided in comparing the two groups. They employed the linear forward stepwise regression analysis to examine demographics, meaningful recognition, happiness, enjoyment, stress, and desire to leave factors for each ProQOL outcome. Finally, they aggregated the models at the hospital level through clustering. They used data cross-validation and multi-linear modeling to determine the models’ quality. The ProQOL instrument is usually used to ascertain compassion fatigue in nursing. The data collection and measurement methods used are typical of quantitative studies and most nursing research work.  (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

Procedures

This study is a quantitative research study that adopted the quasi-experimental design. Convenient sampling was adopted for sample selection, and the data collection procedure included a multisite hospital survey. Measurement procedures included Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) measure, 5-point Likert agreement scale, SPSS software, linear forward stepwise regression analysis, clustering, cross-validation, and multi-linear regression. The procedures were fundamental in data collection and outcome determination. (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

Qualitative Method

“Exposing Compassion Fatigue and Burnout Syndrome in a Trauma Team”

Protection of Human Rights

The study does not disclose all the measures taken to ensure the protection of human rights during the entire research process. However, participation was voluntary, meaning they respected and protected human autonomy. The participants were invited during various trauma operation meetings. They have also mentioned that they obtained informed consent before the session commenced. Researchers need to ensure autonomy and obtain informed consent as part of research ethics. (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

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Research Design and Research Traditions

The research design and tradition selected for this qualitative study is the phenomenological design used to evaluate human experience using participants’ descriptions and perspectives. The study analyzed human experience or lived experience of trauma and related stress triggers. Phenomenological design is the most suitable for assessing human experiences because it offers a comprehensive and complete description of the lived experiences and their meaning.(Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

Population and Sample

The population selected for the study is a trauma team. Working in a trauma team can contribute to compassion fatigue and burnout syndrome. The sample used was a focus group comprising 12 practitioners currently working in the trauma team to share their experiences of associated stress triggers and coping mechanisms. The sample is small and limits generalizability. (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

Data Collection, Measurement, and Quality

The researchers developed a focus group that involved 18 years and older participants currently working as trauma team members. The surveys provided included demographic questions, perceived quality of life questionnaire, and a life stress inventory. The measures adopted include assessing how stressful life events can lead to illness using the Holmes-Rahe Life and Stress Inventory and assessing compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue using Professional Quality of Life Scales (ProQOL). A demographic survey was adopted to determine the participants’ age, sex, ethnicity, religion, and professional expertise. The Holmes-Rahe Life and Stress Inventory is popular in stress assessment of recent experiences and helps people know if they are at risk or not. The ProQOL is designed to help measure compassion fatigue and satisfaction, showing both the negatives and positives of doing a job.  (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

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Procedures

The procedure for sample selection was convenient sampling, and a question session was established to collect the participants’ perceptions. The session included surveys with demographic questions, perceived quality of life questionnaire, and a life stress inventory. The measurement procedures included the Holmes-Rahe Life and Stress Inventory and the ProQOL. These procedures were suitable for this kind of study and the measurements required to determine compassion fatigue and burnout syndrome for at-risk trauma team members.   (Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

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Enhancement of Trustworthiness

The researchers have included multiple studies and reviewed previous research work on the topic to develop confidence that the research study aligns with other research findings and seeks to enhance the current knowledge. They have also adopted methods and procedures commonly used to measure human experience with compassion fatigue and burnout syndrome. However, the sample is small, limiting generalizability and trustworthiness.(Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

References

Berg, G. M., Harshbarger, J. L., Ahlers-Schimidt, C. R., & Lippoldt, D. (2016). Exposing compassion fatigue and burnout syndrome in a trauma team: A qualitative study. Journal of Trauma Nursing, 23(1), 3-10. doi:http://dx.doi.org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1097/JTN.0000000000000172(Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

Kelly, L. A., & Lefton, C. (2017, November). Effect of meaningful recognition on critical care nurses’ compassion fatigue. American Journal of Critical Care, 26(6), 438-444. https://doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2017471(Critique of Research Studies Comprehensive Nursing Paper Sample) 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

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