Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Cultural diversity in organizations is a complex phenomenon that influences organization structures, processes, and practices. Significantly, cultural diversity affects the human resources practices in a global organization primarily due to traditional assumptions against women and religious practices. Cultural practices present harmful religious and gender inequalities when ratified in human resources (HRs) practices since HR practices (including decision/policy-making and enactment) affect recruitment, remuneration, and promotion (Stamarski & Son Hing, 2015). This memorandum highlights and discusses the impact of a country’s culture on views of women, religion, and the consequent impact on HRs practices in the United States and Kosovo.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 1

Regard for Women and Religion in Kosovo and USA

In Kosovo’s labor market, women tend to be disproportionately affected. Factors such as traditional gender roles, lack of childcare facilities, inadequate access to flexible work arrangements, insufficient education, and a disproportionate share of household responsibilities limits women’s labor force participation (The World Bank, 2012). As a result, only 18% of women in Kosovo participate in the labor force, the lowest among Western Balkan countries (The World Bank, 2018). The government of Kosovo has established laws that govern religious freedom and conscience for all citizens, including rights to ascribe or not to ascribe to a particular religion.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

In the USA, women are viewed as equal to men. The traditional gender roles of a husband as breadwinner and women as homemakers entrenched in religious doctrines have seized to impact the role of women in society (Schaefer, 2017). Although there are public discourses on rescinding the traditional role of women that limited their participation in the labor market, the number of women participating in the labor market and corporate leadership has significantly grown. In terms of religion, the USA has seen a significant shift in religious affiliations over the past years with more freedom to worship or not to worship. The United States’ first amendment provides freedom to ascribe or not to ascribe to a given religion (American Civil Liberties Union, 2021). This allows every American to ascribe to any religious affiliation without contempt, public scrutiny, or discrimination.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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In Kosovo, belief in traditional social roles, insufficient education among women, and women’s inability to lead can influence their employees in corporate organizations or promotion into executive positions. On the other hand, women empowerment, universal civil rights, and equal education opportunities can affect women’s participation in the labor market, including employment, training, and promotion into executive positions. While these assumptions seem polarized for each country, contemporary human resources management in organizations presents a novel strategy to enhance the integration of different cultures to achieve a diverse organizational structure.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Impact of Country-Specific Assumptions on Global Recruiting and Hiring Practices

Organizational cultures are influenced by the cultural practices of individual employees and the community in which it is domiciled. Consequently, these cultural views and practices influence an organization’s global recruiting and hiring practices. Kosovo’s social and traditional roles predispose women to traditional family roles, limiting their involvement in the corporate world. Women in Kosovo typically lead smaller organizations than those led by men (The World Bank, 2012). As such, women in Kosovo are at a considerable disadvantage regarding career development opportunities. Women constitute just 0.3% of top managers in private organizations, the lowest share in Europe and Central Asia.  Besides, only 4.2% of female employees advance to senior and management positions (The World Bank, 2012). The burden of domestic responsibilities, insufficient performance evaluation, and staff promotion explain why women have limited leadership positions in companies. These perceptions can influence the hiring and promotion of women for executive and technical roles in global organizations.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

On the other hand, women empowerment, universal civil rights, and equal education opportunities have contributed to the nearly equal participation of females in the labor market. Women, just as men, hold executive roles in corporate organizations and institutions across various disciplines (Schaefer, 2017). These assumptions should encourage equal recruitment, training, and promotion of women and men in global organizations. As such, the human resources practices in global organizations domiciled in the USA provides equal employment opportunities for women and women, without cultural or religious influence. The USA labor market offers people a free and fair opportunity regardless of gender and religion. Although the present constitutions for both countries encourage gender equality and religious freedom, Kosovo still experiences the impact of social and traditional beliefs and values as far as women labor force participation is concerned.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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Integration and Communication Impacts for the HR Presented Scenario

The scenario presents a significant challenge for the HR practices of the information technology company. First, the traditional social roles would limit the number of women employed and promoted to executive positions. While the organization’s HR leadership might not have issues employing women considering its USA cultural background, employees of Kosovan origin and few qualified women could limit gender parity in employment opportunities for the organization. Furthermore, the difference in empowerment and perception of women leadership could influence the organization’s HR practices in hiring and promoting female employees. However, globalization has contributed to the adoption and accommodation of different cultures within organizational settings.  (Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Integration and communication are crucial HR responsibilities concerned with achieving a diverse and unified workplace in global organizations. Ineffective organizational structure, characterized by poor cultural integration and communication, affects performance and effectiveness (Gochhayat, Giri, & Suar, 2017). In this case, likely, male employees of Kosovan descent would likely view female employees and leaders with contempt, contributing to employee feuds. Moreover, employees from Kosovo tend to be easily insulted, and the organization must establish frameworks for encouraging and enforcing unity of purpose and acceptance of cultural similarities and differences.(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

An organization’s HR leadership should be firm and effective in implementing strategies to promote unity and equal gender employment opportunities. Managing diversified companies under the same leadership presents an economic advantage crucial to organizational success (Schaefer, 2017). Therefore, the first suggestion for the organization is to establish a cultural onboarding routine aimed at creating awareness of the organization culture, the diversity, or employees, including the traditional Kosovan and USA cultures, to allow new employees to be accommodative of their colleagues. Besides, onboarding and training activities could act as a platform to demystify social, traditional perceptions held by employees from the two countries likely to affect the integration of the two companies.  As such, HR leaders from Kosovo should be trained on promoting gender equality in hiring and nurturing staff to help create an influential organizational culture that integrates different individuals from diverse communities. (Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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References

Stamarski, C. S., & Son Hing, L. S. (2015). Gender inequalities in the workplace: the effects of organizational structures, processes, practices, and decision makers’ sexism. Frontiers in psychology6, 1400(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01400

The Office of International Religious Freedom. (2019). Report on International Religious Freedom: Kosovo. Retrieved 24 November 2021, from(Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example) https://www.state.gov/reports/2019-report-on-international-religious-freedom/kosovo/

American Civil Liberties Union. (Updated 2021). Your Right To Religious Freedom. Retrieved 24 November 2021, from (Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)https://www.aclu.org/other/your-right-religious-freedom

Schaefer, A. (2017). Religious Affiliation and Women’s Labor Patterns in US Counties (Doctoral dissertation, University of New Hampshire). https://scholars.unh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1148&context=dissertation

Gochhayat, J., Giri, V. N., & Suar, D. (2017). Influence of organizational culture on organizational effectiveness: The mediating role of organizational communication. Global Business Review18(3), 691-702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0972150917692185

The World Bank. (July 2012). Kosovo: Gender Gaps in Education, Health and Economic Opportunities. Retrieved 24 November 2021, from (Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/371251468030245833/pdf/759300WP0ENGLI0Box0379792B00PUBLIC0.pdf

The World Bank. (September 2018). Promoting Women’s Employment in Kosovo. Retrieved 24 November 2021, from (Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/kosovo/brief/promoting-women-employment-in-kosovo

Comparing Cultural Diversity in the United States and Kosovo Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
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