Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example

Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example

Over the past decades, the military has been used for varying purposes globally, particularly to strengthen relations and offer support to civil power. Military use is multifaceted, broad, and dynamic, often characterized by a wide range of relationships that exist at different levels between the military and civilian society. In the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, governments acting as the highest civilian authorities control and direct the military bodies to exercise their civic duties locally and abroad. Therefore, there is a need to examine differences and similarities in military use in the UK, Canada, and Australia and the structure of the European Union.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example
Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example 1

Differences in Military Use:

Australia

The Australian military provides civil support through the Defense Assistance to the Civil Community (DACC) and the Defense Force Aid to the Civil Power (DACP). Under DACC, the military assists in local emergencies and extensive disasters through civilian emergency services and local Australian Defense Forces administrators (Hoijtink & Muehlenhoff, 2020). Likewise, the military provides non-emergency assistance in little significance, especially for public relations and ceremonial purposes.  The military also avails support to non-emergency law enforcement. DACP incorporates the ADF to provide law and order, particularly in cases of invasion and domestic violence. A significant civil-military relation is where Australian Military Regulations permit Federal governments to deploy military forces to safeguard self-interests, address their initiatives, and protect personnel and property.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

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Canada

In Canada, provisions for military aid to civil power are listed in the National Defense Act. The Act draws from a historical context from being a British dominion in the past. Compared to Australia, the applicability of military support to Canada’s civilian entities is different: the state’s federal nature stipulates law and order as an exclusive right and responsibility of provinces. Therefore, a Solicitor General in every province is responsible for disseminating political authority through the War Measures Act, which changed to the Emergencies Act (Hoijtink & Muehlenhoff, 2020). This authority is acted upon by the Chiefs of the Defense Staff, who determines the level of force exerted. The role of federal governments is to address the high costs of aid to civil authorities by initiating waivers. Therefore, military entities possess free liberty to make decisions regarding high-priority issues but under government directions.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

United Kingdom

Military support to civil power is a component of the Military Aid to the Civil Authorities. One major form of military support is military equipment utilization to provide public-safety, law, and order (Ling, 2020). The civil power is composed of mountain rescues, explosive Ordnance Disposal, and air-sea rescue. The mountain rescue is provided by the Royal Air Force Mountain Rescue Service, while the RAF Search and Rescue Force provide air-sea rescue.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

Similarities

Military provisions in Canada are similar for the UK for military support to civil power. Also, federal governments and law enforcement entities spearhead emergency and non-emergency assistance.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

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Structure of the European Union

The European Union boasts of a unique structure. Member states have since 2016 increased participation in security and policy-making initiatives. However, critics contend that the union lacks the adequate influential military power to influence international politics. The European Union is a military power: it has advanced military instruments that used operations, discourses, and policies related to the Common Security and Defense Policy (Ling, 2020). Although this policy lacks well-defined military inclinations, the European Union demonstrates the advancement and normalization of militarism and military superiority.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example
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References

Hoijtink, M., & Muehlenhoff, H. L. (2020). The European Union as a masculine military power: European Union security and defense policy in ‘times of crisis.’ Political studies review18(3), 362-377. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1478929919884876(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

Ling, J. (2020). ‘A Sovereign Europe’: Transforming the European Union to Hard Power? China Int’l Stud.81, 139.(Use of the Military for Civil Support Comprehensive Essay Example)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

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