Question 1 How would you describe policy-making?
Policymaking is the process of formulating ideas or plans that organizations and the government use in decision-making. Policymakers discuss and suggest approaches to address issues. Policies are fundamental because they guide decision-making, ensuring consistency, efficiency, clarity, and accountability in how organizations and governments operate. They offer guidelines and principles different government bodies like the criminal justice system should follow (Policy Making Process).
A dynamic horizontal and vertical power decision-making system influences criminal justice policymaking. The policymakers consider factors such as how, when, and what decisions and policies requires instituting in a dynamic process. Policies in criminal justice remain incremental and on at least two levels. Namely, broad policy parameters establishment and policy parameters translation into policy programs.
A confluence of moral and political forces influences action in policymaking. Political power influences criminal justice policymaking and requires phrasing policies politically. Consequently, to influence the approval of powerful figures within the government and organizations to accelerate the process. Policymaking generally involves an agreement of ideologies, beliefs, interests, and societal needs (Policy Making Process).
Question 2 How would you describe policy analysis? (Policy Making Process)
Policy analysis refers to the process by which stakeholders in policymaking identify potential options that address a problem, weigh and compare the options, and select the most effective, efficient, and feasible one. Policy analysis is critical to ensure policy selection is systematic and results in an option that best suits the situation. Stakeholders involved in policy analysis include individuals who can interpret policy information, including subject matter experts, community partners, and economists (Policy Making Process).
People affected by the policy, such as community members and partners. Consequently, local decision-makers who offer contextual knowledge on social, educational, and cultural aspects, are also stakeholders. Public officials and administrators who provide resources for policymaking are also involved in policy analysis. More so, to help understand the economic and budgetary impact of every policy option.
Policy analysis is vital in criminal justice policymaking to deduce effective policies that guide the criminal justice system and officials to do their jobs. Criminal justice affects everyone, and only effective, efficient, and viable policies should be selected for every situation (Policy Making Process).
Question 3 How are criminal justice policymaking and policy analysis described in your textbook? Be specific.
The textbook describes a policy as definitions like prudence and wisdom in managing affairs and a course of action chosen among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions. Policymaking/development involves a six-stage process of problem identification, policy demands, agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy evaluation(Policy Making Process).
These stages work together in making policies governments and organizations use to regulate action, help make decisions, and offer direction during policy implementation. Policymaking begins by identifying a pre-existing issue and then determining the demand and the objective of a policy in addressing the issue. Thirdly it enters the formation stage that includes all stakeholders the policy would impact. After formation, the policy is adopted, which could involve the passage of new laws and the signing of executive orders(Policy Making Process).
The implementation process involves the policy in action to address the issue, and lastly, involved parties evaluate outcomes. Policy analysis brings together the opinions of different stakeholders such as government officials, special interest groups, and people the policy will affect to discuss and select a course of action among alternatives. Policy analysis takes place during policy formation, which requires opinions from all affected and involved parties(Policy Making Process).
Question 4 How do your perceptions of criminal justice policymaking and policy analysis compare to the definitions in the readings? Be specific.
My perception of criminal justice policymaking and policy analysis does not deviate from the definitions in the readings. My definition of policymaking perceives it as a process of formulating ideas and plans that governments and organizations use to guide decision-making. In my description, a dynamic horizontal and vertical power decision-making system influences criminal justice policymaking and factors such as how, when, and what decisions and policies to institute should be involved in the process(Policy Making Process).
I also consider broad policy parameters establishment and policy parameters translation into policy programs as the primary levels involved in policy making. The textbook defines policymaking or development as a six-stage process that encompasses problem identification, policy demands, agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy evaluation.
I have defined policy analysis as the process by which stakeholders in policy making identify potential options that address a problem. Consequently, weigh and compare the options, and select the most effective, efficient, and feasible one. In my description, I have included stakeholders such as subject matter experts, community partners, and economists. In addition, people affected by the policy such as community members and partners(Policy Making Process).
Furthermore, local decision-makers who offer contextual knowledge on social, educational, and cultural aspects, and those who provide resources. The textbook defines policy as a definition and course of action selected from alternatives to address a criminal justice issue. Within the policymaking process, there is a policy formation stage that involves the opinions of different stakeholders.
Question 5: What are 2 examples of criminal justice policies?
Criminal justice policies examples include the three-strike law and sex offender registration. The three-strikes law prevents crime using incarceration to incapacitate offenders. It increases prison sentences for individuals convicted of a felony and previously convicted of two or more criminal activities or serious felonies. It limits the offenders’ ability to get a punishment other than life imprisonment(Policy Making Process).
Crimes such as rape, murder, arson, and robbery are considered “strikes,” although they vary by state, with some states including non-violent crimes such as treason, bribery, and drug trafficking in the three-strikes law. Sex offender registration is a policy that acknowledges the existence of sex offenders, and their registration helps control deviation levels and future offenses.
The system monitors and tracks sex offenders after releasing them back into the community. The registration offers crucial information about the sex offenders like name, current location, and previous offenses. There are sex offender websites in all states. Every jurisdiction should comply with federal standards stated in the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act within a specified timeframe.