10 PICOT Questions Examples about Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment Plus EBP & Capstone Projects Ideas, Nursing Research Paper Topics and Nursing Essay Topics Ideas

Palliative care is a specialized approach to care that focuses on providing relief from the symptoms and suffering associated with serious illnesses like cancer. It is not limited to end-of-life care; instead, it can be integrated into the cancer treatment plan from the moment of diagnosis. The goal of palliative care is to address the physical, emotional, and psychosocial aspects of illness, and to help patients and their families navigate the complex journey of cancer treatment.

To explore this critical aspect of cancer treatment, we will delve into various aspects of palliative care through a series of PICOT Questions Examples about integration of palliative care in cancer treatment, examine potential evidence-based practice (EBP) projects, consider nursing capstone project ideas, delve into nursing research paper topics, explore nursing research questions, and finally, discuss nursing essay topic ideas and examples.

PICOT Questions Examples about Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

  1. In adult patients diagnosed with advanced-stage lung cancer (P), how does early integration of palliative care (I) compared to late or no integration (C) affect overall survival (O) within a one-year period (T)?
  2. In pediatric oncology patients undergoing aggressive cancer treatments (P), what is the effect of concurrent palliative care interventions (I) on the incidence of treatment-related complications (O) compared with standard care alone (C) within a six-month timeframe (T)?
  3. In elderly cancer patients residing in long-term care facilities (P), how does regular palliative care assessment and management (I) compared to sporadic or no assessment and management (C) affect the frequency and severity of pain and discomfort (O) within a three-month period (T)?
  4. In adult cancer survivors experiencing cancer-related fatigue (P), what is the effect of a structured palliative care program (I) compared to ad-hoc support (C) on fatigue reduction (O) within a six-week duration (T)?
  5. In oncology nurses providing care to terminally ill cancer patients (P), how does specialized palliative care training (I) compared to standard oncology training (C) impact nurses’ perceived competency in providing end-of-life care (O) over a three-month training period (T)?
  6. In patients receiving palliative care at home (P), what is the effect of telehealth-based palliative care consultations (I) versus in-person consultations (C) on patients’ overall quality of life (O) within a six-month period (T)?
  7. In cancer patients with documented depression and anxiety (P), how does a multidisciplinary palliative care team approach (I) compared to individual therapy or medication alone (C) influence improvements in psychological well-being (O) over a twelve-week intervention (T)?
  8. In cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (P), what is the impact of routine spiritual care consultations (I) compared to no spiritual care (C) on patients’ reported sense of peace and meaning (O) during a twelve-week study period (T)?
  9. In family caregivers of cancer patients (P), how does the implementation of a caregiver support program (I) compared to no program (C) affect caregiver burden (O) within a six-month timeframe (T)?
  10. In advanced cancer patients receiving hospice care (P), what is the effect of early initiation of palliative care discussions (I) compared to late or no initiation (C) on patients’ satisfaction with end-of-life care (O) within a two-month period (T)?

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Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Project Ideas about Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

  1. Implementing a palliative care screening tool in oncology clinics to identify patients who would benefit from early palliative care interventions.
  2. Assessing the impact of a dedicated palliative care team on reducing emergency room visits and hospitalizations for cancer patients.
  3. Evaluating the effectiveness of telehealth-based palliative care consultations in improving symptom management and patient satisfaction.
  4. Investigating the use of music therapy as an adjunct to traditional palliative care interventions in managing pain and anxiety in cancer patients.
  5. Developing a standardized protocol for spiritual care assessments and interventions in oncology settings.
  6. Measuring the impact of a caregiver support program on reducing caregiver burnout and improving the overall well-being of family caregivers.
  7. Exploring the benefits of early palliative care discussions on patient and family decision-making and satisfaction with end-of-life care.
  8. Studying the implementation of advance care planning discussions in oncology clinics and their impact on end-of-life care preferences.
  9. Assessing the effectiveness of integrative therapies such as acupuncture and massage in improving the quality of life for cancer patients receiving palliative care.
  10. Investigating the role of palliative care in reducing the financial burden of cancer treatment on patients and their families.

Nursing Capstone Project Ideas on Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

  1. Developing a comprehensive palliative care program for a specific oncology unit within a hospital.
  2. Creating educational materials for oncology nurses and other healthcare providers on the principles of palliative care.
  3. Implementing a pain management protocol for cancer patients in palliative care.
  4. Evaluating the effectiveness of a communication skills training program for oncology nurses to facilitate end-of-life discussions with patients and families.
  5. Developing a curriculum for nursing students to learn about the integration of palliative care in cancer treatment.
  6. Designing and conducting a qualitative study on the experiences of cancer patients who have received palliative care.
  7. Developing a telehealth-based palliative care program for rural cancer patients who may have limited access to in-person services.
  8. Creating a toolkit for healthcare organizations to assess and improve the quality of palliative care services they provide.
  9. Implementing a palliative care assessment tool for oncology nurses to identify patients’ needs and preferences.
  10. Evaluating the impact of a palliative care intervention on healthcare resource utilization and cost savings for cancer patients.
PICOT Questions Examples about Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

Nursing Research Paper Topics about Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

  1. The Role of Palliative Care in Improving Quality of Life for Cancer Patients
  2. Barriers to Early Integration of Palliative Care in Oncology Settings
  3. Ethical Considerations in End-of-Life Decision-Making in Cancer Care
  4. The Impact of Palliative Care on Symptom Management in Advanced Cancer
  5. Family Caregiver Experiences and Needs in Palliative Care for Cancer Patients
  6. Cultural Competence in Providing Palliative Care to Diverse Cancer Patients
  7. Nurse’s Role in Facilitating Advance Care Planning Discussions in Oncology
  8. Telehealth-Based Palliative Care: Opportunities and Challenges
  9. Music Therapy in Palliative Care for Cancer Patients
  10. Integrative Therapies and Complementary Medicine in Cancer Palliative Care

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Nursing Research Questions on Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

  1. How do cancer patients perceive the quality of palliative care they receive in different healthcare settings?
  2. What are the barriers to implementing early palliative care discussions in oncology clinics?
  3. How does the level of healthcare provider training in palliative care impact patient outcomes and satisfaction?
  4. What are the cultural factors that influence decision-making in end-of-life care for cancer patients?
  5. What is the relationship between patient-reported outcomes and the timing of palliative care interventions?
  6. How do family caregivers experience the burden of caring for a loved one with cancer in palliative care?
  7. What are the ethical considerations in withholding or withdrawing cancer treatments in palliative care?
  8. What are the outcomes of using telehealth for palliative care consultations in rural areas?
  9. How does the integration of music therapy affect the perception of pain and anxiety in cancer patients?
  10. What are the barriers to implementing integrative therapies in palliative care programs for cancer patients?

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Nursing Essay Topic Ideas about Integration of Palliative Care in Cancer Treatment

  1. The Impact of Early Palliative Care Integration on Patient Outcomes in Oncology.
  2. Cultural Competence in Palliative Care: Addressing Diverse Needs of Cancer Patients.
  3. Telehealth-Based Palliative Care: Bridging Gaps for Rural Cancer Patients.
  4. The Role of Family Caregivers in Providing Support in Palliative Care.
  5. Advance Care Planning in Oncology: Challenges and Opportunities.
  6. Spiritual Care in Palliative Care: Nurturing the Soul in the Face of Cancer.
  7. The Ethics of End-of-Life Decision-Making in Cancer Palliative Care.
  8. Complementary Therapies in Cancer Palliative Care: A Holistic Approach.
  9. Palliative Care for Pediatric Cancer Patients: Special Considerations and Challenges.
  10. The Nurse’s Role in Facilitating Difficult Conversations About Death and Dying.


The integration of palliative care in cancer treatment represents a vital aspect of healthcare that has the potential to significantly improve the quality of life for cancer patients and their families. Through PICOT questions, evidence-based practice projects, nursing capstone project ideas, research paper topics, research questions, and essay topic ideas, we have explored various dimensions of this critical field. As healthcare continues to evolve, the role of palliative care in cancer treatment will undoubtedly grow in importance, providing holistic care and support to those facing the formidable challenge of cancer.


1. What is palliative care for cancer?

What is palliative care? Palliative care is care meant to improve the quality of life of patients who have a serious or life-threatening disease, such as cancer.

2. What are the 3 forms of palliative care?

The three main forms of palliative care are: symptom management, emotional support and spiritual care.

3. What are the 6 C’s of palliative care?

Care, compassion, competence, communication, courage, and commitment.

4. What are the risks of palliative care?

One of the primary risks of palliative care is that of ethical treatment and the ability of caregivers to communicate and implement care processes in the face of worsening health conditions.


  1. “Oxford Textbook of Palliative Nursing” by Betty R. Ferrell and Nessa Coyle.
  2. “Palliative Care Nursing: Principles and Evidence for Practice” by Sheila Payne and Jane Seymour.
  3. “Palliative Care Nursing: Quality Care to the End of Life” by Marianne Matzo and Deborah Witt Sherman.
  4. “Integrating Palliative Care into Oncology Practice: A Resource for Cancer Education and Training” by David E. Weissman and Janet L. Abrahm.
  5. “Hospice and Palliative Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice” by Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association.

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