How he was able to reorganize the Greek military (Military Strategies)
Alexander the Great was born in the kingdom of Macedonia and was to become the heir to the throne. His father, Philip II, and Aristotle tutored and trained Alexander to master his way with the army and reign (Reis, 2019). Although he was not dependent on what he learned, Alexander was a genius. After his father’s assassination, he took the reins of leadership and led a well-refined army that supported him (Military Strategies).
The fierce army had been put through thorough training through the reigns of Philip II and became a reckoning force. But it was Alexander’s new strategies and genius that reorganized the army and thwarted any rebellious uprisings, as was the case for the Theban rebellion. He continued his father’s rule but with a cleverer approach(Military Strategies).
What strategies did he apply that made him successful?
Alexander achieved success on political, military, and economic fronts using the Phalanx and cavalry strategies. He utilized different approaches to advance his goals during the war and other events. All strategies used applied to his army and were varied for every battle. The main types of military tactics included the Phalanx, the Hypaspists, and companion cavalry (Kholod, 2016)(Military Strategies).
By varying these strategies, the army was assured of victory. The phalanx tactic was composed of a slowly advancing group that embodied solid holding force while other soldiers struck rebels. The Hypaspists were made up of elite foot troops connecting slow-moving infantry and the cavalry. Lastly, the companion cavalry strategy was used to strike enemies and break through defense lines(Military Strategies).
Describe how he put those strategies to usage in each of the following battles, Granicus, Issus, Tyre, Arabela, and Hydaspes
In all his battles, Alexander the Great used similar strategies but with variations. The Phalanx would hold enemy resurgence while companion cavalry broke through enemy lines (Frasin, 2019). Likewise, the Hypaspists would ensure both the Phalanx and cavalry were intact at all times. In the battle of the Granicus, Alexander unleashed his army’s cavalry strength. During the battle, Alexander the Great was the main target of the Persian cavalry (Narasimhan, 2015). The army made subtle reinforcements to the left wing, subsequently weakening the center, allowing Alexander to find his way up the river. Finally, the Greek merchants were surrounded and surrendered(Military Strategies).
In the Battle for Issus, the Macedonians used the usual line of battle to move Thessalian cavalry to the left to fight the large Persian cavalry. This tactic proved formidable and successful. Likewise, in the siege of Tyre, Alexander the Great’s army had full control of the Island and could attack from all sides (Gorsky, 2020). This compelled Tyrian ships to withdraw from their harbors. The battle of Hydaspes occurred at the river Hydaspes. Alexander the Great used a cunning strategy during the first engagement and main battle with Porus. In the end, Alexander’s cavalry emerged victorious after outflanking the enemy(Military Strategies).
Is he worthy of the title, “The Great?” explain. (Military Strategies)
Alexander is worthy of the title, of the Great. He won many battles because of his ability to foresee and strategize. Even in the worst cases where he was outnumbered, Alexander was still able to deliver resounding triumph. He also inspired and motivated his army(Military Strategies).
Alexander the Great’s legacy in history is his ability to transform the Macedonian empire and lead a loyal army. During the battle, Alexander led the army, demonstrating leadership skills of bravery and courage. Across the world, Alexander the Great is considered a distinguished military leader(Military Strategies).
Frasin, I. (2019). Greeks, Barbarians and Alexander the Great: The Formula for an Empire. Athens Journal of History, 5(3), 209-224. doi.org/10.30958/ajhis.5-3-4
Gorsky, A. (2020). Inheritance of a great reign in the mid-13th century, Batu and stepmother of Alexander Nevsky. Rossiiskaia Istoriia, (4), 31. doi.org/10.31857/s086956870010768-5
Kholod, M. (2016). The cults of Alexander the Great in the Greek cities of Asia Minor. Klio, 98(2). doi.org/10.1515/klio-2016-0041
Narasimhan, M. (2015). Alexander the Great. Resonance, 20(6), 483-490. doi.org/10.1007/s12045-015-0207-2
Reis, L. (2019). Medieval narratives of Alexander the Great: Transnational texts in England and France by Venetia Bridges. Arthuriana, 29(3), 105-106. doi.org/10.1353/art.2019.0029