Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Compare Bipolar I and Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar disorder, synonymous with manic depression, is an inheritable psychiatric disorder that entails poorly regulated brain chemistry changes. The changes lead to extreme mood swings (Rowland & Marwaha, 2018). Mania or hypomania is the diagnostic manifestations that mental health providers use to confirm either Bipolar I or Bipolar II disorder. Besides the two genetic-based conditions, Bipolar I and Bipolar II share some primary symptoms like euphoric and expansive mood, which could also be dysphoric. Other common symptoms are decreased need to sleep, rapid thoughts, grandiose self-image, and severe impulsivity. Additional symptoms are distractibility, difficult speech, and heightened energy or increased goal-directed behaviors. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 1

Contrast Bipolar I and Bipolar II Disorder

A diagnosis of bipolar disorder leaves the patient and their families wondering whether one is worse than the other, hence highlighting the differences since a correct diagnosis will dictate the most appropriate treatment plan (Bobo, 2017). The table that follows captures some of the differences between bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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Aspect        Bipolar I DisorderBipolar II Disorder
severitySerious enough to cause significant impairment at the social and or occupational level, necessitating hospitalization. Psychosis may also manifest.(Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)Unequivocal alterations in functioning are uncharacteristic of the person when not exhibiting the symptoms.
DiagnosisPatient history is enough to make a diagnosisOthers must have observed the person and determined the history as uncharacteristic of the individual.
DurationManic episode that has lasted more than 7 days unless hospital admission is necessary. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)Episode of hypomania must be present for at least 4 consecutive days.
Manic/hypomania episodesEpisodes of hypomania can occur in patients with existing Bipolar I. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)If Bipolar II shows any history of manic episodes, the diagnosis should be reverted to Bipolar I.

How Comprehensive Assessment Could Help Psychiatric and Mental Healthcare Providers to Arrive at the Correct Diagnosis

Conducting a comprehensive assessment of the patient plays a crucial role in arriving at the appropriate Bipolar I or Bipolar II diagnosis since the provider examines the social and behavioral influences, the patients and or families’ information needs, and the health risks (Toney-Butler & Unison-Pace, 2018. A thorough, accurate, and comprehensive assessment gives the insight to help distinguish the normal and abnormal condition of the patient. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 2

References

Bobo, W. V. (2017, October). The diagnosis and management of bipolar I and II disorders: clinical practice update. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 92, No. 10, pp. 1532-1551). Elsevier. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Rowland, T. A., & Marwaha, S. (2018). Epidemiology and risk factors for bipolar disorder. Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology8(9), 251-269. (Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Toney-Butler, T. J., & Unison-Pace, W. J. (2018). Nursing admission assessment and examination.

National Center for Biotechnology Information (nih.gov)

Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Initial Discussion Post on Comparison and Contrast between Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 3

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