Conduct an assessment on the following body systems: Heart & the Lungs Assessment – Solution

Heart and lungs assessment

You may conduct the assessment on a fellow student, friend, or family member. Remember to secure their permission.

Collect both subjective and objective data using the process described in the textbook.

Write a summary of the assessment (subjective & objective data in narrative note) and the skills utilized. 

Answer the following 3 questions in the summary. Do not disclose any patient identifiers.

  1. What skills (assessment techniques) were utilized during the assessment?
  2. What subjective data did you collect? (list your findings)
  3. What objective data did you collect? (list your findings)

Summary on a WORD document. APA format isn’t required. 

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Conduct an assessment on the following body systems: Heart & the Lungs Assessment
Conduct an assessment on the following body systems: Heart & the Lungs Assessment

Heart and the lungs assessment


The lungs are the largest and most complex organ in the body. They play a vital role in breathing and are essential for disposing of waste. The lungs also protect the heart and other organs from damage by harmful gas and particles.(Heart and lungs assessment)

The main function of the lungs is to take in air and to release it again. Air is filled with oxygen, which we need for our cells to work properly. When we breathe in, the air is drawn into our lungs through our nose and mouth. The air is then forced through tiny tubes called bronchioles and into smaller tubes called alveoli. The air pressure inside the alveoli is very high, so the air can’t escape easily.(Heart and lungs assessment)

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Related FAQs

1. What is the order of assessment for the lungs?

The pulmonary examination consists of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. The inspection process initiates and continues throughout the patient encounter.

2. How do you assess respiratory assessment?

Begin your physical assessment by observing your patient’s respiratory rate, effort, and function. Count his respiratory rate; expect 12 to 24 breaths/minute. Look for signs of increased respiratory effort, such as mouth breathing or accessory muscle use, and measure his oxygen saturation level.

3. How do you document a heart assessment?

Documentation of a basic, normal heart exam should look something along the lines of the following: The external chest is normal in appearance without lifts, heaves, or thrills. PMI is not visible and is palpated in the 5th intercostal space at the midclavicular line. Heart rate and rhythm are normal.(Heart and lungs assessment)

4. Which position is usually recommended when the nurse is assessing a patient’s heart and lungs?

In the sitting position, it is easy to examine the anterior and posterior thorax, lungs, heart, and vital signs. This is because sitting provides full expansion of lungs and better visualization of symmetry of upper body parts.(Heart and lungs assessment)

5. What are the physical assessment skills required in respiratory assessment?

“A thorough respiratory assessment involves checking the respiratory rate, the symmetry, depth and sound (auscultation) of breathing, observes for accessory muscle use and tracheal deviation,” says Ms Stokes-Parish.

6. What is the importance of assessing the heart and neck vessels?

The most important observation to be made in the neck region is the assessment of jugular venous pulse. From the jugular veins you can estimate central venous pressure (CVP) and estimate the heart’s efficiency as a pump.

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Cathy, CS