Types of grants and likely sources (Grant-funding proposal)
A grant is any form of financial assistance from the government, organizations, or an individual for a specific purpose, in this case, crime prevention. There are different types of grants, including competitive funding, formula funding, continuation funding, and pass-through funding. In competitive funding, a team of reviewers evaluates the proposal, and funding relies on the application’s merits. Moreover, there are no pre-determined recipients (Grant-funding proposal).
Furthermore, there are two or more programs that are competing for the grant and scores depend on how effective and comprehensive the program addresses the issue. Consequently, there are pre-determined recipients in formula funding. Awards are non-competitive and given to eligible programs based on the population and other census criteria. Moreover, recipients who meet the minimum requirements are entitled to receive the grant (eCivis, 2020). Mostly, the federal government distributes these funds to different states which then determine the formula of awarding grants.
Continuation grants allow recipients to renew their applications every year. Some continuation funding offers opportunities for new applicants, but the existing ones are given priority and awarded extra points. Therefore, new entries are advised to partner with currently funded entities. Consequently, the federal government offers pass-through funding to states for wider distribution to local governments (eCivis, 2020) (Grant-funding proposal).
Funds are then distributed to programs and organizations on a formula or competitive basis. Furthermore, sources of grants include the government, corporations, and non-profit organizations. The federal government offers grants under Congress and state authority. Private foundations also offer grants, especially for special interest groups. Companies fund community programs of interest in commitment to corporate social responsibilities (Gillikin, 2017). Some rich individuals like Bill Gates also provide funds for community programs or business ideas(Grant-funding proposal).
Different organizations, companies, and government divisions provide funding for community and corporate initiatives. Furthemore, the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) offers financial aid through different programs. Consequently, BJA offers formula funding, and there are many opportunities, including funding webinars, performance measures, and awards. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) offers grants for programs related to crime in the US (Grant-funding proposal).
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) is a federal grant, loans, and scholarship inventory that awards grants to eligible programs. Moreover, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides Emergency Management Performance Grant as it works towards nationwide preparedness for a secure and resilient country. The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) also has numerous funding opportunities (Grant-funding proposal).
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), Technology Opportunities Program (TOP) offers grants through an annual competition (Justice Information Sharing, n.d.). These urgencies and government divisions are possible sources of funding for the program as most of them provide financial assistance to projects related to crime and information sharing.
Private funding organizations include the Benton Foundation, Bydale Foundation, The Do Right Foundation, James J. Colt Foundation, Inc., James H., and Judith L. DeVries Charitable Foundation, and Lester E. Kabacoff Family Foundation (Justice Information Sharing, n.d.). These foundations provide grants in the fields of crime and public and private safety. These urgencies also offer technical assistance (Grant-funding proposal).
Developing the proposal requires individuals with different skills and capabilities to work as a team. Teamwork is mandatory for the success of any particular project. Teamwork collaboration is cultivated and makes a team more productive. Useful teamwork strategies for developing the proposal include promoting frequent communication, ensuring leadership support, leveraging collaboration technology, teamwork skills, and collaborative behavior (Grant-funding proposal).
Seamless communication flow bolsters the productivity of a team (West, 2012). Frequent and clear communication helps in ensuring clarity, overcoming obstacles, and eliminating misunderstandings that can lead to conflict. It is therefore essential to establish forums such as in-person meetings, virtual communication, and brainstorming sessions for members to communicate and share ideas. Enabling interprofessional communication is also vital to ensure a complete and accurate understanding of every project aspect. Training is also necessary to build skills and manage internal communication(Grant-funding proposal).
Team leaders should be enthusiastic and set the tone for teamwork collaboration and communication by driving expectations and providing feedback. Leadership support facilitates clear communication lines among members and ensures that all resources are available when needed (Grant-funding proposal).
Leveraging collaboration technology involves establishing internal social networks that enhance communication and information sharing, virtual whiteboard platforms, and the use of project management software with chat and file-sharing capabilities. Ensuring collaborative behavior leads to successful teams. Other effective teamwork attributes include building trust and mutual respect, recognizing good work, outlining roles and responsibilities precisely, and celebrating diversity.
Trust and respect are particularly vital in building a psychologically safe environment bearing in mind interpersonal sensitivity (Parker, 2011). Team rules are also essential as they define acceptable behaviors that are commonly shared among team members. Rules would also be the basis of conflict resolution and disciplinary actions. Effective teamwork is vital for the successful development of the grant proposal (Grant-funding proposal).
Grant Proposal Logic model
|Input/ Resources||Activities||Outputs||Short-term Outcomes||Intermediate Outcomes||Long-term Outcomes|
|StaffVolunteersTimeMoneyResearchMaterialsEquipmentTechnologySpacePartners||Communicate Funding prioritiesProvide project development assistanceWork collaboratively with key partners (Federal, state, corporate, and non-profit agencies)Conduct policy development research and evaluationDevelop and distribute knowledge related to effective crime prevention interventionsDevelop and maintain strategic partnerships with core stakeholdersConduct policy instrumentation, research, and evaluation studiesDevelop crime prevention tools, products, and other resources, and disseminate them||Increased understanding and knowledge by all stakeholders of the crime prevention programUtilization and sustainability of evidence-based initiatives for preventing and minimizing crime||Increased physical security education for businesses in the communitySupport for targeted at-risk businessesPositive changes in crime awareness, skills, attitude, and motivation among target businessesImproved collaboration among participating stakeholders||Reduction in the incidences of crime in business facilitiesPositive shifts in risk and protective factors such as antisocial behavior, business conflicts, and hate-motivated attitudes||Increased sense of security among businessesReduction in aggressive competitive behavior and offending behavior in the community and targeted businesses|
eCivis. (2020). Law Enforcement Grants: The Four Main Types of Grant Funding. Retrieved from https://www.ecivis.com/blog/bid/48460/law-enforcement-grants-the-four-main-types-of-grant-funding
Gillikin, J. (2017). Three Types of Sources for Grant Money. Retrieved from https://bizfluent.com/info-8214586-three-types-sources-grant-money.html
Justice Information Sharing. (n.d.). Funding Sources and Programs. Retrieved from https://it.ojp.gov/implementation/funding/sources
Parker, G. M. (2011). Team players and teamwork: New strategies for developing successful collaboration. John Wiley & Sons.
West, M. A. (2012). Effective teamwork: Practical lessons from organizational research. John Wiley & Sons.