Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Research has shown that social factors play a significant role in influencing health across various health metrics, settings, and cultures (Lucyk & McLaren, 2017). In essence, our health and well-being are determined by socioeconomic factors, education, food, air, employment setting, personal and social relationships. This paper is a continuation of the family assessment part I purposed to describe the family’s social health determinants, impacts, and action plan. (Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 1
  1. Describe the SDOH that affects the family health status. What is the impact of these SDOH on the family? Discuss why these factors are prevalent for this family.

The SDOH affecting the family in this context includes income level, access to clean water, fresh air, toxin-free habitats, sports and recreation opportunities, neighborhood conditions, and physical environment (Lucyk & McLaren, 2017).  While the family suffers from significant health issues, favorable social health factors have contributed to appropriate management. The family income level is relatively high, thus, better health. Despite the grandparents’ chronic health issues, they continue to live well considering they can buy goods and services that people buy, supporting the present health and control over unforeseen health events.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Besides, the neighborhood and the physical environment favor the family routine recreational and leisure opportunities. For instance, the family carries out morning and evening runs that protect the family from health issues arising from sedentary lifestyles. The impact of neighborhoods on nutrition, regular exercise, security, and well-being is well documented (Chitewere et al., 2017). As a result of the rising prevalence of chronic illnesses, the health sector has increasingly focused on health-related behaviors and lifestyle factors. In this family’s neighborhood – Utah, the societal and political structures are effective in health promotion. This is also exemplified through access to healthy drinking water and unpolluted air, and a toxin-free environment.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

  • Based on the information gathered through the family health assessment, recommend age-appropriate screenings for each family member. Provide support and rationale for your suggestions.
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The grandfather should be screened for screening for blood pressure and cholesterol screening. On the other hand, the grandmother should be screened for and hearing and vision. Besides, the grandmother should go for Osteoporosis. According to Curry et al. (2018), osteoporosis screening will help with recovery before an osteoporotic fracture occurs, prevalent among elderly females. The patient should be screened for blood pressure because he already has diabetes.  The wife should be screened for cervical cancer through the Pap test or HPV test. The elder son, 20, should be screened for blood pressure because he already has diabetes.  Hypertension screening and treatment are essential in preventing cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure, stroke, coronary heart disease, and other related disabilities, particularly prevalent in the elderly (Anker et al., 2018).(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

The second son should be screened for diabetes, considering the family history with the disease. On the other hand, the daughters should be screened for cholesterol and blood pressure. Screening for cholesterol and blood pressure in adolescents and young adults is crucial in determining predisposition to hypertension, which has long-term health complications, particularly of the heart, kidney, and endocrine system (Ewald  & Haldeman, 2016). The tests are also crucial in determining predisposition to diabetes, which is a common ailment in the family.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

  • Choose a health model to assist in creating a plan of action. Describe the model selected. Discuss the reasons why this health model is the best choice for this family. Provide a rationale for your reasoning

Having chronic illnesses in a family can often be traumatizing and distressing for the suck and the healthy alike. The most appropriate health care model for this family’s context is the humanistic model. Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad created the humanistic Model (Nurising-theory.org, 2020). With this approach, a sick family member would be viewed as a whole rather than an illness. Besides, this approach will help to foster physical, mental, and emotional well-being (Nurising-theory.org, 2020). Another reason I choose this model is that it treats each patient and situation assessed and handled uniquely. There is no established system or mechanism for caring for patients using the humanistic approach.  In this case, every family member’s case is different from the other. Therefore, it is crucial to view and treat each case as unique.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

  • Using the model, outline the steps for family-centered health promotion. Include strategies for communication.
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Considering the critical components of the humanistic model, the nurses will establish a monthly plan for the family’s health needs. The healthcare plan includes a nutritional plan, routine exercise, screening, and home-based care for the grandparents. The nurses will collaborate with the family to demonstrate an individual capacity to improve health outcomes. For instance, the nurses will advise the children on the importance of an active lifestyle on preventing and lifestyle diseases, particularly diabetes, indicated by the family’s major illnesses.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Moreover, the practitioners will help the family to develop practical and positive health practices. Consequently, the children are likely to carry on with these healthy practices to their families. Besides, the nurse will continue to provide care to the elderly grandparent on crucial aspects such as cleanliness, food, medication. Lastly, the nurses will involve a psychotherapist to help every family members accept and live with the diagnosed health conditions.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Conclusion

Addressing SDOHs is crucial for family health improvement and the reduction of longstanding family health disparities. Indeed, the family, in this case, has positive social determinants on health, including high income, income level, access to clean water, fresh air, and toxin-free habitats, sports and recreation opportunities, neighborhood conditions, and physical environment. Maintaining these social precursors of positive health through the humanistic nursing approach will help the family live appropriately and achieve positive health outcomes in the short and long term.   (Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 2

References

Anker, D., Santos-Eggimann, B., Santschi, V., Del Giovane, C., Wolfson, C., Streit, S., … & Chiolero, A. (2018). Screening and treatment of hypertension in older adults: less is more?. Public health reviews39(1), 1-16.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example) https://doi.org/10.1186/s40985-018-0101-z

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Chitewere, T., Shim, J. K., Barker, J. C., & Yen, I. H. (2017). How Neighborhoods Influence Health: Lessons to be learned from the application of political ecology. Health & place45, 117-123(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example). 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.009

Curry, S. J., Krist, A. H., Owens, D. K., Barry, M. J., Caughey, A. B., Davidson, K. W., … & US Preventive Services Task Force. (2018). Screening for Osteoporosis to prevent fractures: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Jama319(24), 2521-2531. 10.1001/jama.2018.7498(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Ewald, D. R., & Haldeman, L. A. (2016). Risk factors in adolescent hypertension. Global pediatric health3, 2333794X15625159. (Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)10.1177/2333794X15625159

Lucyk, K., & McLaren, L. (2017). Taking stock of the social determinants of health: A scoping review. PloS one12(5), e0177306. (Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177306

Nurising-theory.org. (2020). Humanistic Model.(Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example) Available at: https://nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/humanistic-model.php [Accessed 16 May 2021]

Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Family Social Health Determinants Impacts and action plan Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 3

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