Theory–Practice Gap in Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring – Assignment 1 Solution

This article discusses Theory–Practice Gap in Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring.


Fundamentals of Nursing Models, Theories, and Practice discusses the theory-practice gap in detail in many chapters. As you have read throughout the course, there is ongoing discussion about the connection between theory and practice, and the application in day-to-day nursing activities.

This assignment is designed to illustrate that although there may be a gap, other factors play an important role in decision-making, and each aspect of theory, research, and practice experience are integral to well-rounded patient care.

Access Fundamentals of Nursing Models, Theories, and Practice, and review Figure 1.4 Correlation: education, science and practice, by clicking the Theory–Practice Gap Readings Link directly below this assignment entry.

Think of a scenario in which theory, research, and practice interact to create good patient outcomes.

Create a visual representation of the theory-practice relationship or gap by replacing the text in the Theory-Practice Gap Diagram Template

Write a minimum of 525- to 700-word narrative explanation of your visual representation following the diagram.

  • Describe the chosen theory, research, and practice guideline or standard.
  • Explain the relationship between the three, and discuss the role each plays in quality patient care in the scenario.
  • Explain any gaps, such as a lack of research, no practice standard, or no usable theory.
  • Determine the best course of action for making decisions in the absence of one aspect.

Include documentation of the practice guideline or standard, as well as your corresponding research, evidence, or literature example.

Cite your research and practice guidelines in-text and on the references page at the end of the template.

Use grading rubric located on right side of assignment to self-grade assignment and ensure all grading criteria is met.

Remember I am looking for your original thoughts supported by a few correct current (within 5 years), peer reviewed research articles (not websites). When writing a paper, establish level headings using the grading criteria to help ensure you address the assignment\’s purpose. Maybe it would help if you share your purpose statement that you want to include in the introduction for your paper or presentation. This will allow feedback from classmates and me to make sure you understand the purpose of the assignment. Who will be first?

Solution:Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring

Theory–Practice Gap in Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring

Nursing practice in the 2020s and beyond continues to be confronted by several challenges, increasing numbers of senior patients, spiraling healthcare costs, and nursing staff shortages. The persistent challenge in the list of these challenges is clinical observations that are poor, coupled with inadequate incorporation of theoretical concepts into nursing practice. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

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The result is the emergence of an intangible theory-practice gap whose attributes include but are not limited to relational challenges within the university and clinical practice. This practice fails to reflect theory or the perception that theory is irrelevant to modern practice( Greenway et al., 2019).

While it is true that nursing theories continue to be taught in all nursing institutions within the United States of America (USA), existing literature indicates that their integration into nursing practice is yet to be tested. Few studies on the use of theories like Virginia Henderson’s need theory or Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

Consequently, this essay aims to demonstrate that while the t theory-practice gap may exist, many other factors play a vital role in the decision-making process using Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring(WTHC).

The essay further underpins the fact that every aspect of the theory, research, and practice experience are an integral part of patient-focused, evidence-based patient care that is wholesome. The paper acknowledges the relationship between theory and practice and its application in the everyday activities of nursing.

WTHC, Research, and Practice Guideline

The utilization of theory and practice in the nursing profession leads to improved healthcare services besides increasing nursing professionals’ knowledge acquisition in nursing institutions and clinical practice. The diagram that follows represents a visual representation of the interaction between theory and practice as captured in WTHC. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

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Theory–Practice Gap in Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring - Assignment 1 Solution 1

Description of WTHC

            As a significant theory commonly used in nursing to improve how nursing professionals carry out their day-to-day activities, WTHC concentrates on the different types of relations nurses nurture with their patients, their families, and friends, and how these impacts on the provision of better quality care. A typical example of WTHC application in practice is the practice guideline that outlines how nurses should handle clients experiencing reproductive health dysfunction and alleviate their anxiety levels so these patients feel better( Prtactice Committeee, 2020). (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

The said theory is premised on several principles, the first being that nurses should display kindness to their clients and demonstrate equanimity. The second central tenet is that one should nurture one’s spiritual practice that goes past the human ego, while the third calls for a genuine presence that facilitates a deep belief in others(Ozan & Okumus(2017).

Are you looking for answers to a similar assignment? has the top and most qualified writers to help with any of your assignments. All you need to do is place an order with us. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

Theory–Practice Gap in Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring
Theory–Practice Gap in Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring

Studies indicate that WTHC enhances how nurses offer care. Suffice it to say that using these principles in the guidelines for counseling patients with reproductive health issues is not only easy to follow but has also revolutionized many nursing processes. Effective utilization of the recommended practice guidelines works to the patient’s advantage and eases nurses’ work in executing their responsibilities. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

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Relationship Between Theory, Research, and Practice

           A subtle connection exists among the trio of nursing theory, nursing research, and nursing practice. The proper blending leads to improved healthcare care and, specifically, nursing care and attendant practices. The first aspect of the enhanced relationship between the reproductive health patient and their nurse is that WTHC adequately explains how varied factors play a crucial role in the counseling process to feel better. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

The decision-making process that the nurse in context should follow is candidly outlined, hence making the nurse decide what is right or wrong at every stage of the nursing care process. For example, the ten curative practices help select the most suitable way to meet the patient’s needs and make prompt decisions at the appropriate time practice Committeee ( 2020) how care can show equity while protecting the parties’ interests. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

WTHC plays the role of steering the nurse while its principles outline the basic nursing practice structure. Subsequently, WTHC as the selected theory functions as a guide to nursing practice, resulting in better quality nursing care and creating an excellent patient-nurse interaction. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

Existing Gaps Noted

           Having offered a diagrammatic representation of the interplay between WTHC, research and nursing practice, and the subsequent explanation of the fundamental principles of this theory, one cannot fail to notice the conspicuous lack of research on how specific nursing theories are applied in particular contexts in nursing in the different healthcare setting. Be that as it may, the utilization of nursing theories into clinical practice appropriately varies from one context to another, yet addressing the patient’s needs remains paramount in providing quality health care not just in the US but also across the globe.

The existing research gaps in the way proposed nursing theories are applied in the nursing field require addressing. A case may arise where both the nurse and the patient harbor negative attitudes towards each other, which would seriously affect information symmetry and impede the nurse’s ability to create a good rapport. Studies conducted on whether using quantitative or qualitative research methodology sometimes fail to adequately address all the possibilities that can arise in different nursing environments, thus failing to cover the research gap. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

Recommended Best Course of Action

           The author of this essay believes that if one finds either the theory, the research, or the expected outcomes missing, one should use one’s critical and creative reasoning to decide which is the most appropriate way to attend to the patient. The nursing profession also calls for critical and creative thinking as the competently trained nurse seeks to improve the services they offer besides improving the care environment in and of itself. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)


           In conclusion, the selection of WTHC to capture the utilization of nursing theory in nursing practice has demonstrated that the selected theory should be relevant to the clinical setting so that it serves as a framework to identify the caring needs. Doing so enhances the delivery and evaluation of holistic nursing care. Most importantly, various nursing theories’ relevancy remains debatable in nursing care fora and needs to be continually addressed. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)


Greenway, K., Butt, G., & Walthall, H. (2019). What is a theory-practice gap? An exploration of the concept. Nurse Education in Practice, 34, 1-6. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

Ozan, Y. D., & Okumuş, H. (2017). Effects of nursing care based on Watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, distress, and coping, when infertility treatment fails: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of caring sciences6(2), 95.

Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine & Practice Committee of the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology. (, 2020). Minimum standards for practices offering assisted reproductive technologies: a committee opinion: fertility and Sterility. (Jean Watson Theory of Human Caring)

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