4 Major Nursing Concepts You Should Know: Personal Nursing Philosophy

Undertaking a nursing course may be challenging as you’re expected to understand the different nursing concepts and scientific dogmas associated with nursing practice. However, you may be unsure of what a personal philosophy consists of and the main aspects associated with nursing practice.

This article focuses on the main domains of nursing practices and how to integrate them into your nursing philosophy.

Nursing Practice

Nursing is pivotal in complex healthcare systems as it ensures that patients are taken care of, promoting positive health outcomes and preventing the development of illnesses. In this case, nursing is about promoting healthcare and taking care of patients who are limited in caring for themselves due to different health limitations.

Nursing is a critical part of the healthcare system as it involves a constant examination of patients and developing the effectiveness of evidence practice to promote health outcomes. In this case, nursing is one of the links between patients, medical facilities, and healthcare organizations. Nurses play a crucial role in advocating for patients and developing policies that promote positive health outcomes by meeting individual and community needs.

Nursing Ethics

Nursing has its values and beliefs, which help to define the appropriate practices which meet the patient’s needs. In this case, nurses must make decisions that require ethical considerations in their practice.

Ethics refers to a guideline for how people think and conduct themselves. Nursing ethics was developed in the 19th century, highlighting the appropriate character traits in the nursing profession.

As a result, it allows nurses to make more informed judgments and provide high-quality care and emotional, physical, and mental support to patients and their loved ones. In this case, the seven ethical principles in nursing are as follows;

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Accountability is one of the main ethical principles in nursing, highlighting nurses’ need to be responsible for their actions and choices while delivering patient care. This principle highlights that nurses who are accountable for their actions provide high-quality patient care.

As a result, they are more likely to gain patient trust, which builds stronger relationships. Moreover, accountable nurses follow their scope of practice, which is greatly appreciated by patience, increasing their overall satisfaction.


Nurses should act fairly to patients regardless of their age, religion, social, economic status, or sexual orientation. In this case, nurses who uphold justice in their practice make patients feel more valuable, which increases their participation in healthcare and overall patient outcomes. 


This ethical principle focuses on the need not to harm. In this case, nurses are critical in enhancing patient safety by preventing self-induced harm. It is focused on taking action that prevents possible harm to patients, which improves health outcomes.


This principle requires nurses to perform their duties using their professional judgment and knowledge depending on each unique patient interaction. Nursing must act within the scope of practice while providing high-quality patient care. It upholds the need for critical thinking, which goes hand in hand with accountability.


This principle refers to the need for kindness and charity among nurses in a healthcare setting. Specifically, nurses should perform actions to benefit patients. In this case, they must approach each patient with their own opinions, experiences, and beliefs. Therefore, nurses have to put aside their personal feelings to perform actions that are in the best interest of their patients.


This principle focuses on the need for nurses to keep their word in healthcare delivery. Specifically, nurses must be loyal and honest to each patient, which builds on trust and fulfills their professional commitment, Increasing overall satisfaction and health outcomes.

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This principle focuses on the need for nurses to be open and honest with patients even if the truth may cause distress. Veracity increases trust and strengthens the nurse-patient relationship, increasing patient participation in the treatment plan. Additionally, it also helps patients to become more autonomous, which improves healthcare outcomes.

Major Nursing Concepts

Person-centered Care

A person is an individual who receives healthcare services and mainly has a set of traits and beliefs. Nurses have a critical role in delivering person-centered care, focusing on individuals within multiple complicated contexts. Person-centered care should be individualized, holistic, just, coordinated, and evidence-based as it builds on a scientific body of knowledge that guides nursing practice regardless of specialty. 

Population Health

Health includes all the elements that make a person whole. In this case, population health focuses on several factors, including public health prevention to disease management of the population. Additionally, it describes the collaborative activities of affected communities, the industry, academia, governmental entities, public health, and healthcare providers to provide equitable health outcomes.

Nursing Practice

Nursing practice is the integration of nursing knowledge to make clinical judgments in healthcare delivery.

Nursing Scholarship

This domain involves the generation, synthesis, translation, application, and dissemination of nursing knowledge to improve health outcomes. Specifically, nursing scholarship enhances clinical practice and impacts best practices for nursing education.

Personal Nursing Philosophy

When developing a personal philosophy, you must integrate your opinions and values with nursing concepts. In this case, you should highlight the need to apply these domains and ethical principles in nursing practice.

Specifically, there are four nursing philosophy elements: knowledge, values, process, and role. In this case, you should ensure that you integrate;

  • The knowledge you have learned across different levels of education
  • How do you feel your role is essential in healthcare delivery
  • The need to uphold nursing principles
  • The process involved in using practice by integrating the major domains of nursing.
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Video Guide


What is the personal and professional philosophy of nursing?

Philosophy refers to a statement that outlines the nurse’s ethics, beliefs, and values and the motivation to become part of the nursing profession. In addition, it covers the nurse’s perspective regarding nursing practice, patient care, ethics, and education.

What is the importance of a personal philosophy of nursing?

A personal philosophy helps to understand the interactions between patients and healthcare providers. In this case, it can guide nurses toward having a competent, scientifically driven, and ethical practice.

What are the five values of the philosophy of nursing?

  • Human dignity
  • Autonomy
  • Altruism
  • Social Justice
  • Integrity

What are the five tools of philosophy?

  • Concepts
  • Systems
  • Devices
  • Methods
  • Principles

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