Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example

Section One:

Human Subjects

Research on human subjects is guided by a set of rules/ethics of conduct desirable when carrying out research. In the USA, the American Psychological Association (APA) produces such guidelines. Equally, the British Psychological Society (BPS) produced research guidelines that dictate human behavior guidance concerning human research (McLeod, 2015). These issues of integrity are:(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 1

Informed Consent

Researchers must educate participants about the research from which they can make a voluntary decision on whether or not to participate in the study. The person agrees to be clear and should be based on the researcher’s information, such as the purpose of the research, procedures involved, and right to confidentiality, among other information.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Debrief

The psychologist and the participant should analyze the outcome and process of the study. If the participants are misled, explanations must be given. Therefore, all questions should be answered to understand what the research is about. Likewise, the respondents’ roles need to be clarified.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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Protection of Participants

For those involved in the study, anxiety must be minimized. Protection from mental and physical harm is required. If vulnerable groups are to be included in the research, special care should be ensured.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Deception

Unless otherwise noted, the participant should not be misled about the aims of the study. To the participant, the deceit ought to be mild and non-distressing. Nevertheless, the real essence of the research needs to be disclosed.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Confidentiality

Although the participants’ full consent is given, the information gained should be held secretly. There should be no use of names in the lab reporting. The objective sense of the analysis determines the knowledge revealing decisions.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Withdrawal

Participants should quit the research if they are uncomfortable. The study’s generated data should be deleted if the participant wishes to do so at the end of the study.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Section Two:

Animal Subjects

Like human subjects, the APA psychologists developed ethical guidelines for animal subjects. These guidelines were informed by Section 8.09 of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and the Code of Conduct (APA, 2010). Principal to the guidelines is the procedures guiding the housing, disposition, care, use, and acquisition of animal subjects in research. These procedures must follow applicable local, federal, and state policies, international conventions, institutional policies, and other existing regulations and laws. These guidelines include:(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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Justification of the Research

The research’s scientific purpose should be of possible importance in explaining nonhuman animals’ use. It should be clear what the scientific aim of the study is.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Personnel

The personnel involved should be familiar with the protocols for nonhuman animal testing. Testing protocols for nonhuman animals ought to comply with the Animal Welfare Act. Laboratory Animals Housing and Care(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Acceptable standards and humane treatment for experimental animals must be given in every facility’s laboratories. The IACUC (Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee) shall review all nonhuman animals’ practices and ensure that procedures are ethical and acceptable.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Acquisition of Laboratory Animals

There would be a legal acquisition of inbred experimental animals at the psychologist’s facility. Nonhuman animals should be humanely trapped from the wild in compliance with relevant local, federal, and state legislation.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Experimental Procedures

The discomfort of nonhuman animals should be reduced wherever possible by behavioral procedures. Federal standards and legislation shall comply with the limitation mechanisms used.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Field Research

When performing research inside inhabited zones, an area’s residents’ dignity and property must be protected. No endangered species study should be undertaken until the appropriate permits and IACUC permission has been received.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

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Educational Use of Nonhuman Animals

Nonhuman animals for educational purposes should be used only after an institution-appropriate committee or IACUC study. The prospect of using non-animal substitutes should be weighed.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example 2

References

American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct (2002, Amended June 1, 2010). Retrieved February 3, 2021.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example)

McLeod, S. A. (2015, January 14). Psychology research ethics. Simply Psychology.(Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example) https://www.simplypsychology.org/Ethics.html

Ethical Guidelines for Human and Animal Subjects Research Comprehensive Nursing Essay Example
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