Community Acquired Pneumonia

Please see all the attachments required for this paper. I also found a reference which I included, where you can find clinical practice guidelines for this disease.(Community Acquired Pneumonia)

Please pay attention to the in-text citation; my professor wants every 2-3 sentence citation. The write-up needs to be on Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)

Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)-sample solution

Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is a type of pneumonia that develops outside of a hospital or healthcare setting. It refers to an infection of the lung tissue usually caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms. CAP is a common condition and can affect individuals of all age groups, although it tends to be more severe in older adults and those with underlying health conditions.(Community Acquired Pneumonia)

The most common causes of community-acquired pneumonia include bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila. Viral infections, particularly influenza viruses and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), can also lead to pneumonia.

The symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia can vary but often include:

  1. Cough, which may produce phlegm or pus
  2. Chest pain that worsens with deep breathing or coughing
  3. Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  4. Fever, often accompanied by sweating or chills
  5. Fatigue and weakness
  6. Rapid breathing
  7. Bluish discoloration of the lips or nails (in severe cases)
  8. Confusion (especially in older adults)

Diagnosis of CAP typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. These may include chest X-rays, blood tests, sputum culture, and sometimes additional imaging studies like a CT scan.(Community Acquired Pneumonia)

Treatment for community-acquired pneumonia depends on the severity of the infection and the suspected causative organism. It often involves the use of antibiotics for bacterial infections or antiviral medications for viral infections. The choice of antibiotics is guided by factors such as the patient’s age, overall health, and local resistance patterns. Supportive care, such as rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain relievers, may also be recommended to alleviate symptoms.

Prevention of CAP includes:

  1. Vaccination: Vaccines are available for certain bacteria that commonly cause pneumonia, such as the pneumococcal vaccine and the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine. Annual influenza vaccination is also recommended to prevent viral pneumonia.
  2. Good hygiene practices: Regular handwashing, avoiding close contact with individuals who have respiratory infections, and covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing can help reduce the risk of transmission.
  3. Smoking cessation: Smoking damages the lungs and weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to respiratory infections like pneumonia.(Community Acquired Pneumonia)

It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional if you suspect you or someone else has community-acquired pneumonia. They can provide an accurate diagnosis, recommend appropriate treatment, and monitor the progress of the illness.(Community Acquired Pneumonia)

Community Acquired Pneumonia
Community Acquired Pneumonia 1


Huang, W.-C., Wu, M.-F., Huang, C.-C., Liu, S.-Y., Chen, H.-C., Chen, Y.-Y., Hsu, J.-Y., & Huang, C.-C. (2020). Dynamics of the lung microbiome in intensive care patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and community-acquired pneumonia.Scientific Reports,10. Retrieved October 27, 2020, from

Leik, M. T. (2018).Family Nurse Practitioner Certification(3rd ed.). Springer Publishing Company.

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