Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Please read the instructions below. Make sure you use in-text citations as frequently as possible.

1.       Choose a medical diagnosis:

Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

  1. Then choose 1 of the recommended medication management (current management, a new research medication, or alternative therapy) using one of the following sources: current evidence-based practice (EBP) article, an article from a reputable source, or current Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs).
  2. COPY each numbered question in the prompt into your response and carefully answer each question.

Please # each question to correspond with your answer:

1.    Briefly explain your chosen medical diagnosis.

2.    What is your article (from a reputable source) or EBP article about?

3.    Why is this medication important? What data is there to support this drug for the treatment of your diagnosis?

4.    What should nurses know about this drug when administering it (assessment, side effects, labs, evaluation)?

5.    What should patients know while taking this medication (how to take it, contraindications, when to call MD)?

6.    How does this medication and knowledge impact your workplace or personal life?

Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease (COPD)-sample solution

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by obstructed airflow in the lungs. It is a progressive condition that typically worsens over time. The primary cause of COPD is long-term exposure to irritating substances, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, and occupational dust and chemicals.(Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease)

The two main conditions that fall under COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Chronic bronchitis involves inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to increased mucus production and persistent coughing. Emphysema, on the other hand, involves damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs, reducing their elasticity and causing difficulty in exhaling.

The most common symptoms of COPD include:

  1. Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity.
  2. Persistent cough with or without mucus production.
  3. Wheezing.
  4. Chest tightness.
  5. Fatigue and lack of energy.
  6. Recurring respiratory infections.

COPD is diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, lung function tests (spirometry), and sometimes imaging studies like chest X-rays or CT scans. Treatment for COPD aims to relieve symptoms, slow disease progression, and improve quality of life. Common treatment approaches include:(Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease)

  1. Lifestyle changes: Quitting smoking, avoiding exposure to lung irritants, and adopting a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a balanced diet.(Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease)
  2. Medications: Inhalers or oral medications to open the airways, reduce inflammation, and relieve symptoms.
  3. Pulmonary rehabilitation: A structured program involving exercise, education, and support to improve lung function and overall well-being.
  4. Oxygen therapy: Supplemental oxygen is provided to those with low blood oxygen levels to improve breathing and reduce strain on the heart.
  5. Surgical interventions: In severe cases, surgical options such as lung volume reduction surgery or lung transplantation may be considered.

It’s essential for individuals with COPD to work closely with healthcare professionals to manage their condition effectively, adhere to prescribed treatments, and make necessary lifestyle changes. Regular follow-up visits and monitoring are crucial to assess disease progression and adjust the treatment plan accordingly.(Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease)

Chronic Obstructed Pulmonary Disease


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